To Open The Sky
The Front Pages of Christopher P. Winter
Understanding Galileo's Conflict with Catholicism
The behaviors of the two schools of thought on this matter are fairly predictable. Web sites by disciples of science raise up Galileo as a martyr to their cause. Catholic Web sites take a defensive posture. As I understand it, these are their main arguments:
Regarding the central question of whether publication and acceptance of Galileo's discoveries — or scientific discoveries in general — were or were not obstructed by the Catholic Church, I believe that they were. Of course, the Catholic Church was not the sole obstructor. Protestant authorities acted much the same. Such obstruction is a well-nigh universal tendency of authority when it perceives itself threatened — and contradicting its doctrines or policies is threat. However, the Catholic Church is unique in the power and persistence of its obstruction.
This is ironic in view of the fact that Jesus of Nazareth was a revolutionary, dedicated to overturning the religious hierarchy of his day and bringing a more effective paradigm to life.
Here are some Catholic sites:
And here are some views from the other side